National Workshop on Affordable Housing at Central for the Affordable Housing Sustainable Build Environment (CAHSBE) Department of Civil Engineering(NED)
Naya Pakistan Housing Program
By: Zaigham M. Rizvi
Chairman PM Housing Task Force
March 09, 2019
Housing is a basic social need, as reflects in the popular slogan “Food, Clothing and Shelter”. Housing is a number game- larger the population, greater the need for housing; as also the need for food and clothing. For meeting all these three basic social needs, the basic ingredient required is “Land”. Food: We need land to grow food items like Wheat, Rice etc, Clothing: We need land to grow cotton Shelter: We need land as the most basic, and at times the most expensive ingredient for the shelter. Fact remains that land size remains the same for a country, while land needed for producing Food, Clothing and Shelter is always on the rise due to population growth. The population growth rate as per Malthusian Theory is at geometrical progression (while the land supply is obviously constant). The world population in 1900 was around 4 billion, and today it stands at 7.67 billion. In 1970, the population of Pakistan was 58 mn, and by 2019 it is more than 200 mn.
By turn of the century it is projected to be at 375 mn. The land area of Pakistan remains the same at 882,000 Sq KM. At population of 58 mn in 1970, the density was 66 Persons/Sq KM. Today it is 227 Persons/Sq KM and by turn of the century it will be 425 Persons/Sq KM. More people would have to be served with food, clothing and shelter provided by the same land, requiring for more productivity of land i.e., yield/acre for food, clothing and shelter. In housing it simply means efficient use of land through improved densification and high-rise housing. Housing, as a political slogan, first appeared in Pakistan through Mr. Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto’s famous slogan of “Roti, Kara aur Makaan…Maang Raha hae har Insaan” which in today’s language is famous as “Housing for all”. Then by the then PM Mr. Yusuf Raza Gilani, in his 100 Days Agenda speech, to build One Million units per year, followed by Premier Nawaz Sharif to build 5 lacs units per year. Irony is that delivery on these promises was nil. Now Mr. Imran Khan made housing a part of PTI’s Election Manifesto and formally announced PTI Housing Policy. Soon after assuming power, he announced to build 50 lacs housing units over 5 years’ term. For
the first time in the history of Pakistan, the program included Rural Housing as well as the Peri-Urban housing in the agenda.
The target of 10 lacs housing units per year (50 lacs over 5 year’s tenor) will be achieved in following market segments:
1) Rural Areas: 4 lacs units/year
2) Peri-Urban areas: 2 lacs units/year
3) Urban Areas: 4 lacs units/year
The PTI Housing Policy will address housing issue in wider geographical and income perspective:
1) Rural and Peri-Urban Housing: PM’s program will address the rural and peri-urban housing issue, alongside the main issue of housing shortage in urban metropolitans.
2) Income Segments: PM’s Housing Program will have focus on lower-middle, low-income housing alongside housing issues of Bottom-of-Pyramid
3) Slums and Katchi-Abadis: Program will address slums improvement, rehabilitation and resettlement of slums/squatters, and PTI will have zero-tolerance for new squatter settlements.
Role of Academia in research and advisory on Construction Materials, Construction Technologies In Pakistan there is a big gap between academia and the field practitioners, while globally Academia is the primary source and driver for technological innovations. We have taken an initiative to bridge this gap by establishing housing research and advisory centers at different universities.
1) NEDUET Karachi: Center for Affordable Housing and Sustainable Development-NEDUET Karachi
2) UMT-Lahore: Housing Research Center-University of Management & Technology Lahore
3) UET Lahore: Housing Research and Advisory Center-UET Lahore
4) UET-Peshawar: UETP is doing a great job in development of low cost construction materials and disaster resilient housing
These universities have Departments of Civil Engineering, Architecture and Town Planning, staffed by PhDs, and a large number of students. The students are already being given Research Thesis on related areas on Naya Pakistan Housing Programme. Some of these topics are:
1) Design of Rural Housing Program-UMT Lahore
2) Low-Cost Construction Material – NEDUET Karachi
3) Alternate design of low-cost housing and habitat – UET Lahore
4) And more such areas will be added.
Youth Economic Empowerment: These students are routinely consulting their faculties and at times also are consulting with me to improve the quality of their work, and sharpen their knowledge. They all are highly excited for being a part of the reconstruction of Naya Pakistan and their future.
NEDUET, under leadership of Dr. Sarosh Lodi, the Vice Chancellor, and management of Dr. Shoaib Haroon has taken the great initiative of organizing National Workshop on the subject, inviting all universities in the country to develop a national platform for the purpose, and take this mission forward.